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Indian Vocal Music
The Indian classical vocal music emerged and evolved from the Vedic era. The Vedic chaant tradition is suggestive of precursor of modern classical vocal music of India. The music in Northern India exhibits synthesis of various cultural impacts.
The major vocal forms are Dhrupad, Taraana and Khayal. There are many traditional forms considered as semi classical which are influenced by folk music of India.
Dhrupad: is a style of singing performed along with accompaniments a Pakhavaj and Taanpura. The music traditionally performed by male vocalists is devotional in content. The lyrics previously sung in ancient Sanskrit are now sung in Brajbhasi. Dhrupad style has given way to Khyal but has been revived by Dagar brothers leading vocalists on the country.
Khayal: is and ad mixture of Persian music and Dhrupad Gayaki. Basically Khayal is 2 to 8 line lyrics sung along with a set tune. The style compliments romantic affiliations between lovers and is highly emotive. The rendition is much dependant upon the improvisational and creative capabilities of the vocalist.
Tarana: is performed during the end of a concert. The poetry is sung to convey a positive elated mood through fast paced songs. Much variations are improvised in a structure were main verse is oft repeated. Amir Khusro exhibited his genius by creating the Taraana style using Persian words besides Hindi.
Indian vocal music has experienced lots of turns and twists with styles emergent styles. The music in modern era has survived and flourishes due impact of greats like Visnu Digambar Paluskar and his contemporaries.